Hacking on cloud-init¶
This document describes how to contribute changes to cloud-init.
It assumes you have a GitHub account, and refers to your GitHub user
Do these things once¶
To contribute, you must sign the Canonical contributor license agreement
If you have already signed it as an individual, your Launchpad user will be listed in the contributor-agreement-canonical group. Unfortunately there is no easy way to check if an organization or company you are doing work for has signed. When signing the CLA and prompted for ‘Project contact’ or ‘Canonical Project Manager’ enter ‘Josh Powers’.
For first-time signers, or for existing contributors who have already signed the agreement in Launchpad, we need to verify the link between your Launchpad account and your GitHub account. To enable us to do this, we ask that you create a branch with both your Launchpad and GitHub usernames against both the Launchpad and GitHub cloud-init repositories. We’ve added a tool (
tools/migrate-lp-user-to-github) to the cloud-init repository to handle this migration as automatically as possible.
The cloud-init team will review the two merge proposals and verify that the CLA has been signed for the Launchpad user and record the associated GitHub account. We will reply to the email address associated with your Launchpad account that you’ve been clear to contribute to cloud-init on GitHub.
If your company has signed the CLA for you, please contact us to help in verifying which launchad/GitHub accounts are associated with the company. For any questions or help with the process, please email:
Josh Powers with the subject: Cloud-Init CLA
You also may contanct user
#cloud-initchannel via IRC freenode.
Configure git with your email and name for commit messages.
Your name will appear in commit messages and will also be used in changelogs or release notes. Give yourself credit!:
git config user.name "Your Name" git config user.email "Your Email"
Sign into your GitHub account
Fork the upstream repository on Github and clicking on the
Create a new remote pointing to your personal GitHub repository.
git clone git://github.com/canonical/cloud-init cd cloud-init git remote add GH_USER firstname.lastname@example.org:GH_USER/cloud-init.git git push GH_USER master
Do these things for each feature or bug¶
Create a new topic branch for your work:
git checkout -b my-topic-branch
Make and commit your changes (note, you can make multiple commits, fixes, more commits.):
Run unit tests and lint/formatting checks with tox:
Push your changes to your personal GitHub repository:
git push -u GH_USER my-topic-branch
Use your browser to create a merge request:
Open the branch on GitHub
You can see a web view of your repository and navigate to the branch at:
Click ‘Pull Request`
Fill out the pull request title, summarizing the change and a longer message indicating important details about the changes included, like
Activate the frobnicator. The frobnicator was previously inactive and now runs by default. This may save the world some day. Then, list the bugs you fixed as footers with syntax as shown here. The commit message should be one summary line of less than 74 characters followed by a blank line, and then one or more paragraphs describing the change and why it was needed. This is the message that will be used on the commit when it is sqaushed and merged into trunk. LP: #1
Note that the project continues to use LP: #NNNNN format for closing launchpad bugs rather than GitHub Issues.
Click ‘Create Pull Request`
Then, someone in the Ubuntu Server team will review your changes and follow up in the pull request.
Feel free to ping and/or join
#cloud-init on freenode irc if you
have any questions.