How to identify the datasource I’m using#

To correctly set up an instance, cloud-init must correctly identify the cloud it is on. Therefore, knowing which datasource is being used on an instance launch can aid in debugging.

To find out which datasource is being used run the cloud-id command:


This will tell you which datasource is being used – for example:


If the cloud-id is not what is expected, then running the ds-identify script in debug mode and providing that in a bug report can aid in resolving any issues:

sudo DEBUG_LEVEL=2 DI_LOG=stderr /usr/lib/cloud-init/ds-identify --force

The force parameter allows the command to be run again since the instance has already launched. The other options increase the verbosity of logging and outputs the logs to STDERR.

How can I re-run datasource detection and cloud-init?#

If you are developing a new datasource or working on debugging an issue it may be useful to re-run datasource detection and the initial setup of cloud-init.


Do not run the following commands on production systems.

These commands will re-run cloud-init as if this were first boot of a system. At the very least, this will cycle SSH host keys but may do substantially more.

To re-run datasource detection, you must first force ds-identify to re-run, then clean up any logs, and finally, re-run cloud-init:

sudo DI_LOG=stderr /usr/lib/cloud-init/ds-identify --force
sudo cloud-init clean --logs
sudo cloud-init init --local
sudo cloud-init init